留巷巷道定向水力压裂卸压机理及试验
Pressure relief mechanism and experiment of directional hydraulic fracturing in retaining roadway
【索引】李武军,付玉凯,王涛,等.留巷巷道定向水力压裂卸压机理及试验[J].工矿qy288千亿国际,2019,45(10):74-79.
【Reference】LI Wujun, FU Yukai, WANG Tao, et al. Pressure relief mechanism and experiment of directional hydraulic fracturing in retaining roadway[J].Industry and Mine Automation,2019,45(10):74-79.
【DOI】10.13272/j.issn.1671-251x.2019030008
【作者】 李武军1,付玉凯2,3,4,王涛2,3,4,张占涛2,3,4
【Author】 LI Wujun1,FU Yukai2,3,4,WANG Tao2,3,4,ZHANG Zhantao2,3,4
【作者机构】1.山西长平煤业有限责任公司 生产管理部, 山西 高平048000;2.中国煤炭科工集团有限公司, 北京100013;3.天地科技股份有限公司 开采设计事业部, 北京100013;4.煤炭资源高效开采与洁净利用国家重点实验室, 北京100013
【Unit】1.Production Management Department, Shanxi Changping Coal Industry Co., Ltd., Gaoping 048000, China; 2.China Coal Technology and Engineering Group Co., Ltd., Beijing 100013, China; 3.Coal Mining and Design Department, Tiandi Science and Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing 100013, China; 4.State Key Laboratory of Coal Mining and Clean Utilization, Beijing 100013, China
【摘要】煤柱上部应力是留巷巷道强烈变形的力源,对于变形严重的留巷巷道围岩控制,采用传统爆破卸压技术存在安全风险较高、污染环境、围岩破坏严重等问题。针对上述问题,提出了留巷巷道定向水力压裂卸压机理,即通过水力裂缝的扩展在顶板岩层中产生弱结构面,降低顶板岩石的整体强度,在采动应力作用下,使弱化后的坚硬顶板及时破断垮落,降低留巷巷道应力水平。以山西晋城无烟煤矿业集团有限责任公司长平煤矿4312综采工作面为试验地点,确定了定向水力压裂钻孔方案及钻孔布置参数。压裂结果显示:横向切槽深度达5 mm,切槽效果良好;进行分段逐次压裂时,随着压裂处距钻孔孔口距离的增加,裂缝扩展所需压力相应增大。对留巷巷道压裂段和未压裂段进行了表面位移、煤柱应力监测,监测结果表明:留巷巷道变形主要以两帮变形为主,压裂段两帮和顶底板平均移近量比未压裂时分别降低约40.79%和69.80%;未压裂段的煤柱应力在接近工作面时出现峰值点,而压裂段的煤柱应力在距离工作面切眼后方200 m左右出现峰值点,定向水力压裂转移了煤柱上部应力峰值位置。
【Abstract】Stress of upper coal pillar is the force source of strong deformation of retaining roadway. For surrounding rock control of retaining roadway with serious deformation, traditional blasting pressure relief technology has some problems such as high safety risk, environment pollution and serious surrounding rock damage. Aiming at the above problems, pressure relief mechanism of directional hydraulic fracturing in retaining roadway was proposed, that is, through expansion of hydraulic fracture, weak structural surface is generated in roof rock, overall strength of the roof rock is reduced, and the weakened hard roof is timely broken and caved under action of mining stress, so as to reduce stress level of retaining roadway. Taking 4312 fully mechanized coal mining face of Changping Coal Mine of Shanxi Jincheng Anthracite Mining Group Co., Ltd. as test site, boreholes scheme and boreholes layout parameters of directional hydraulic fracturing were determined. The fracturing results show that transverse grooving depth is 5 mm and grooving effect is good. During fracturing step by step, pressure required for fracture expansion increases with increase of distance between fracturing site and borehole. Surface displacement and coal pillar stress of fractured and non-fractured sections of retaining roadway were monitored. The monitoring results show that deformation of retaining roadway is mainly caused by two side walls deformation, and the average displacements of two side walls and roof and floor of the fractured section are about 40.79% and 69.80% lower than those of the non-fractured section. Stress of coal pillar in the non-fractured section appears peak point when approaching working face, while stress of coal pillar in the fractured section appears peak point at about 200 m away from back of cut hole of working face, which indicates that directional hydraulic fracturing transfers stress peak position of upper coal pillar.
【关键词】 留巷巷道; 围岩控制; 定向水力压裂; 卸压机理; 煤柱应力
【Keywords】retaining roadway; surrounding rock control; directional hydraulic fracturing; pressure relief mechanism; coal pillar stress
【文献出处】工矿qy288千亿国际,2019年10期
【基金】中煤科工集团科技创新面上项目(2018MS021)
【分类号】TD322.5
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